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1961 -- The American National Standards Institute (ANSI) issued the first minimum requirements relating to architectural access to common structures.
1965 -- The Vocational Rehabilitation Act Amendments expanded services to include person with socially handicapping conditions, such as alcoholism, lack of education, and prison records; expanded evaluation to determine individual eligibility for services where feasibility was not easily determined; allowed rehabilitation counselors to take more risks in serving persons with vocational handicaps, thereby serving more people with severe disabilities; established a National Commission on Architectural Barriers; deleted economic need as a general requirement for services; and increased federal match to 75%.
1967 -- The Vocational Rehabilitation Amendments provided rehabilitation services for migratory workers, eliminated the state residency requirement, and supported the construction and operation of the National Center for Deaf/Blind Youth and Adults.
1968 -- The Vocational Rehabilitation Act Amendments added follow-up services for maintaining a person with a handicap in employment and provided services to family members; gave authority to provide vocational evaluation and work adjustment services to persons disadvantaged by reasons of age, level of vocational attainment, ethnic or other factors; federal share was increased to 80%. The Architectural Barriers Act required buildings constructed with Federal funds or leased by the Federal Government to be accessible to the people who were handicapped.
1970 -- The Urban Mass Transportation Act required local transportation authorities to plan and design mass transit systems to be accessible to people who were handicapped.
1971 -- The Javitts-Wagner-O'Day Act retained priority for blindness in the provision of products for the federal government and added people with severe handicaps as eligible for participation. Pennsylvania Association for Retarded Children vs. Pennsylvania and Mills vs. Board of Education, established that denying education to handicapped children or treating them differently within the educational system was a denial of equal protection and due process under the U.S. Constitution.
1973 -- The Rehabilitation Act was the first act to address the notion of equal access of people with disabilities through the removal of architectural, employment and transportation barriers; further supported the rights of persons with disabilities through affirmative action emphasis and the legal support established in Title V: Section 501 focused on the federal government's hiring practices, Section 502 created the Architectural and Transportation Barriers Compliance Board (ATBCB) to enforce standards set under the Architectural Barriers Act of 1968, Section 503 prohibited discrimination in employment on the basis of physical or mental handicap on the part of businesses with federal contract or their subcontractors, Section 504 prohibited discrimination on the basis of physical and mental handicaps in programs receiving federal funds; also established the Client Assistance Demonstration Projects (CAPS) to provide assistance in informing and advising clients and applicants of all available benefits under the Rehabilitation Act; emphasized priority of services for persons with the most severe handicap and the development of the Individual Written Rehabilitation Plan (IWRP); established by statute the Rehabilitation Services Administration. Section 508 addressed issues related to access to communication and computer technology. (Note: Section 508 has not really taken affect until very recently eventhough it was originally part of this particular law). The Federal Aid Highway Act required transportation facilities receiving Federal assistance to be accessible.
1974 -- The Rehabilitation Act Amendments included a broader definition of handicapped individuals, transferred the Rehabilitation Services Administration to the Department of Health, Education and Welfare, strengthened the Randolf-Sheppard Act; and provided for convening a White House Conference on "Handicapped Individuals."
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